Joseph (Joe) P. Kalt is the Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He joined the faculty at Harvard in 1978 and is a specialist in the economics of industrial organization, antitrust, economic development, and government regulation. In addition to his academic positions, Professor Kalt serves as a Senior Economist with Compass Lexecon, a subsidiary of FTI Consulting. He has also served as a mediator and arbitrator in various private and intergovernmental disputes, and as an advisor to international governments. In 1987, he founded (with Stephen Cornell) the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development. He continues to serve as the Project’s co-director and is a principal author of The State of the Native Nations: Conditions under U.S. Policies of Self-Determination (with the Harvard Project) and many other books. Professor Kalt received several awards including the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development’s First American Leadership Award in 2005 and along with Stephen Cornell, the National Congress of American Indians Public Service Leadership Award in 2010. Professor Kalt is chair of the Board of Directors of the Fort Apache Heritage Foundation, and is a member of the National Advisory Board of The Big Sky Institute, the Board of Directors of The Sonoran Institute, and the Honorary Advisory Board of the Centro Artistico y Cultural de Huachinera, Sonora, Mexico. Professor Kalt received his B.A. (1973) in economics from Stanford University, and his Ph.D. (1980) and M.A. (1977) in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles.